“Chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.”
— Having a short attention span and being easily distracted
— Appearing forgetful or losing things
— Being unable to stick at tasks that are tedious or time-consuming
— Appearing to be unable to listen to or carry out instructions
— Constantly fidgeting
— Interrupting conversations
— Acting without thinking
— Having difficulty organising tasks
Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
What is ADHD?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.
- Inattention means a person wanders off task, lacks persistence, has difficulty sustaining focus, and is disorganized; and these problems are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension.
- Hyperactivity means a person seems to move about constantly, including situations in which it is not appropriate when it is not appropriate, excessively fidgets, taps, or talks. In adults, it may be extreme restlessness or wearing others out with their activity.
- Impulsivity means a person makes hasty actions that occur in the moment without first thinking about them and that may have high potential for harm; or a desire for immediate rewards or inability to delay gratification. An impulsive person may be socially intrusive and excessively interrupt others or make important decisions without considering the long-term consequences.
An individual with ADHD finds it much more difficult to focus on something without being distracted.
He/she is likely to have greater difficulty in controlling what he/she is doing or saying and is less able to control how much physical activity is appropriate for a particular situation compared to somebody without ADHD. In other words, a person with ADHD is much more impulsive and restless.
Health care professionals may use any of the following terms when describing a child (or an older person) who is overactive and has difficulty concentrating:
- Attention deficit disorder
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Hyperkinetic disorder
Useful Info on ADHD
ADHD is a common behavioral disorder that affects about 10% of school-age children. Boys are about three times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with it, though it’s not yet understood why.
Kids with ADHD act without thinking, are hyperactive, and have trouble focusing. They may understand what’s expected of them but have trouble following through because they can’t sit still, pay attention, or focus on details.
Of course, all kids (especially younger ones) act this way at times, particularly when they’re anxious or excited. But the difference with ADHD is that symptoms are present over a longer period of time and happen in different settings. They hurt a child’s ability to function socially, academically, and at home.
The good news is that with proper treatment, kids with ADHD can learn to successfully live with and manage their symptoms.
Types of ADHD?
According to the CDC, there are three types of ADHD. They are defined according to which symptoms stand out the most.
- Predominantly Inattentive Type
The person finds it very difficult to organize or finish a task. They find it hard to pay attention to details and find it difficult to follow instructions or conversations.
- Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type
The person finds it hard to keep still – they fidget and talk a lot. A smaller child may be continually jumping, running or climbing. They are restless and impulsive – interrupting others, grabbing things and speaking at inappropriate times. They have difficulty waiting their turn and find it hard to listen to directions. A person with this type of ADHD will have more injuries and/or accidents than others.
- Combined Type
A person whose symptoms include all those of 1 and 2, and whose symptoms are equally predominant. In other words, all the symptoms in 1 and 2 stand out equally.
How Does ADHD Occurs?
ADHD is the most common mental health disorder of childhood. Studies throughout the world have reported the occurrence of ADHD in school age children as being between 5% and 12%. This means that on average there are at least one to three children in every class with ADHD. More boys than girls are diagnosed at a rate of 3 to 1. However, since girls are less likely to display outward hyperactivity and impulsivity, and as many women as men are diagnosed in adulthood, we know that we miss diagnosing many girls with ADHD in childhood. Females with ADHD are equally impaired in the areas of attention and social and academic problems as males. Eighty percent of adolescents who were diagnosed as children continue to meet the criteria for diagnosis, and of those children, over sixty percent report continued impairing symptoms into adulthood.
How Is ADHD Treated.
Treatment for ADHD should always include multiple elements and approaches. The first element of treatment should always be education about ADHD for care givers, other family members, and individuals affected by ADHD. Studies have shown that providing education on ADHD greatly increases the chance that individuals will continue with their treatment long term. Along with education, best practices in treating ADHD includes: regular follow-up visits with a medical practitioner, continued support for families with information about ADHD and its management, patient, parent and teacher training, special educational accommodations and behavioral interventions along with medication. It needs to be noted that not all people with ADHD require medication and it is often the level of impairment that dictates this.
In uncomplicated cases of ADHD, medication management is fairly straightforward and typically effective with minimal side effects. The medications that are most often used to manage ADHD symptoms are classified as stimulant medication, however nonstimulant medications are now also available. Stimulant medications have been around for more than fifty years with thousands of research studies indicating their safety and effectiveness. However, as with all medications, even over the counter products, side effects can occur so routine follow-up visits with a physician are advised to assess the level of effectiveness and occurrence of side effects. Immediate contact with the prescribing physician is recommended if side effects are significant. Often a change in dose or switching to another medication can alleviate side effects.
In the last five years, the development of once a day, time released medications, both stimulant and non-stimulant, have significantly improved the life of many children and adults with ADHD. These new medications are difficult to abuse, reduce the stigma of having to take medication if front of others, prevent gaps in symptom relief and decrease the chances of exaggerated rebound symptoms happening several times a day. Unfortunately these new medications can be expensive. As with all medication, reaching the highest level of effectiveness with the least amount of side effects is always the aim of treatment. Building a strong working relationship with your practitioner is the key.
Charges at ManTra. The Psychology Clinic
Counselling & THERAPY:
|Individual Therapy||–||As Per Expert|
|Cognitive Behavior Therapy||–||₹ 1500/hour|
|Relaxation Training||–||₹ 1500/hour|
|Family Therapy||–||₹ 2000/hour|
|Marital / Couple Therapy||–||₹ 2000/hour|
|Personality Assessment||–||₹ 2000|
|Anxiety Rating Scale||–||₹ 1000|
|IQ Assessment||–||₹ 2000|
|ADHD, LD Assessments each||–||₹ 2000|
|Career Assesment & Guidance||–||₹ 4000|
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