“Is the most prevalent psychological problem in general population.”

— Feeling intensely sad or hopeless or worthless

— Loss of pleasure in activities enjoyed earlier

—  Feeling guilty

—  Sleeping problems, too much or too little

—  Moving slowly or restless and agitated, moving more

—  Difficulty focusing

—  Fatigue

— Restless or irritable

— Change in appetite

— Thoughts of death or suicide

Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Depression?

Depression is not merely the presence of low mood, it’s a serious illness in which a person continuous to feel sad, empty, hopeless for a long period of time which could range from weeks, months to even years. Some people experience restlessness and anger during depression and it becomes increasingly difficult and overwhelming to pass through the day and carry out routine tasks.

There can be different causes of depression which varies from person to person and sometimes occur due to combination of more than cause

1 Difficult Childhood Experiences

• Emotional, sexual or physical abuse
• Family disturbances
• Traumatic Events’
• Loss of significantly close person
• Neglect of basic needs of love and attachment

2 Life Events

• Loss of job or unemployment
• Breakup in close relationship
• Bereavement
• Transitions in life stages like joining college, job change , shifting house or getting married
• Physical or sexual assault
• Being bullied or abused
• Social Isolation

3 Physical Health Problems

• Conditions affecting the brain and nervous system
• Hormonal problems, like Hypothyroidism ,Hyperthyroidism
• Symptoms relating to the menstrual cycle or the menopause
• Low blood sugar
• Sleep problems

4 Medication, Alcohol or Drugs

Depression can be caused as a result of side effect of different medication .Similarly alcohol and street drugs like caffeine, nicotine can also cause depression, taken initially to feel better can end up feeling worse in long run

 More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn’t a weakness and you can’t simply “snap out” of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don’t get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychological counseling or both.

Depression and Suicidal Risk:

    • Depression can often lead to suicidal thoughts in the person due to persistent deep despair and hopelessness .You can watch for the following warning signs in a loved one with depression

      • Talking about killing or harming one’s self
      • Expressing strong feelings of hopelessness or being trapped
      • An unusual preoccupation with death or dying
      • Acting recklessly, as if they have a death wish (e.g. speeding through red lights)
      • Calling or visiting people to say goodbye
      • Getting affairs in order (giving away prized possessions, tying up loose ends)
      • Saying things like “Everyone would be better off without me” or “I want out”
      • A sudden switch from being extremely depressed to acting calm and happy

If you think a friend or family member is considering suicide, express your concern and seek help immediately. Talking openly about suicidal thoughts and feelings can save a life.

      • Major Depression.
      • Persistent Depressive Disorder.
      • Bipolar Disorder.
      • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
      • Psychotic Depression.
      • Postpartum Depression.
      • ‘Situational’ Depression.

Useful Info on Depression

Am I depressed?

If you identify with several of the following signs and symptoms—especially the first two—and they just won’t go away, you may be suffering from depression.

Signs and Symptoms of Depression?

Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. A bleak outlook—nothing will ever get better and there’s nothing you can do to improve your situation.
Loss of interest in daily activities. You don’t care anymore about former hobbies, pastimes, social activities, or sex. You’ve lost your ability to feel joy and pleasure.
Appetite or weight changes. Significant weight loss or weight gain—a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month.
Sleep changes. Either insomnia, especially waking in the early hours of the morning, or oversleeping.
Anger or irritability. Feeling agitated, restless, or even violent. Your tolerance level is low, your temper short, and everything and everyone gets on your nerves.
Loss of energy. Feeling fatigued, sluggish, and physically drained. Your whole body may feel heavy, and even small tasks are exhausting or take longer to complete.
Self-loathing. Strong feelings of worthlessness or guilt. You harshly criticize yourself for perceived faults and mistakes.
Reckless behavior. You engage in escapist behavior such as substance abuse, compulsive gambling, reckless driving, or dangerous sports.
Concentration problems. Trouble focusing, making decisions, or remembering things.
Unexplained aches and pains. An increase in physical complaints such as headaches, back pain, aching muscles, and stomach pain.

How Is Depression Treated.

Much progress has been made in the last two decades in the treatment of people with mental illnesses, including depression. Although the exact treatment approach depends on the type of disorder, one or a combination of the following therapies may be used for most anxiety disorders:

Medication: Drugs used to reduce the symptoms of depression include anti-depressants and anxiety reducing drugs. These medication may help you in calming your physical symptoms.

Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy (counselling) addresses the emotional response to your depression. It is a process in which trained clinical psychologist help you by talking through strategies for understanding and dealing with your depression.

Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy: This is a particular type of psychotherapy in which you learn to recognize and change thought patterns and behaviours that lead to troublesome feelings and anxieties.

Relaxation therapy: This is a specific psychological intervention in which you will be trained to control your physical symptoms by training your body to relax.

Ways To Make Treatment More Effective.

Many people with depression benefit from joining a self-help or support group and sharing their problems and achievements with others who have the same problems. Talking with a trusted friend or mental health professional can also provide support.

Stress management techniques and meditation can help people with depression to calm themselves and may enhance the effects of therapy. There is preliminary evidence that aerobic exercise may have a calming effect. Since caffeine, certain illicit drugs, and even some over-the-counter cold medications can aggravate the symptoms of depression, they should be avoided. Check with your physician or pharmacist before taking any additional medications.

Your family is very important in the recovery of your depression. Ideally, the family should be supportive but not help perpetuate their loved one’s symptoms. Family members should not trivialize the disorder or demand improvement without treatment.

Charges at ManTra. The Psychology Clinic

 Counselling & THERAPY:

Individual Therapy  As Per Expert
Cognitive Behavior Therapy  ₹ 1500/hour
Relaxation Training  ₹ 1500/hour
Family Therapy  ₹ 2000/hour
Marital / Couple Therapy  ₹ 2000/hour

Psychological ASSESSMENTS:

Personality Assessment ₹ 2000
Anxiety Rating Scale ₹ 1000
IQ Assessment ₹ 2000
ADHD, LD Assessments each ₹ 2000
Career Assesment & Guidance ₹ 4000

Our Clinical Psychologists



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